Cameras

Survey3

Kernel

Turn-Key GPS
Survey Camera

Professional Custom
Array Camera

12MP 14.4MP, 3.2MP
2160p24 1080p30
Rolling Shutter

Global Shutter,

Rolling Shutter

RGB Sensor MONO or RGB Sensor
Up to 0.36fps (RAW) Up to 2fps (RAW)
Up to 0.67fps (JPG) Up to 1fps (TIFF)

12bit RAW

8bit JPG (per channel)

12bit RAW

12/16bit TIFF (per channel)

8bit JPG (per channel)

87° HFOV (19mm) Lens

41° HFOV (47mm) Lens

87° HFOV (19mm) Lens

41° HFOV (47mm) Lens

6 Filter Options 21 Filter Options
PWM Trigger PWM + Relay Voltage Trigger
No Exposure Feedback PPK Exposure Feedback
Automatic Geo-taging Automatic Geo-taging
No IMU Metadata IMU Metadata
PWM, USB, HDMI & SD

PWM, USB, UART, UAVCAN, I2C,

Ethernet, GPIO, HDMI & SD

Internal Battery External Power
59 x 41.5 x 36 mm 34 x 34 x 40+ mm
50g+ 45g+
Max 128GB Storage Max 128GB Storage
Starts at $400 Starts at $1299

 

Camera Flight Calculator

Choose Camera Model:

  • Sensor Width 6.138 The sensor width of the camera (mm)
    Sensor Height 4.603 The sensor height of the camera (mm)
    Focal Length 3.37 The focal length of the lens (mm)
    Flight Height Flight height AGL (m)
    Flight Height 393.701 Flight height AGL (ft)
    Image Width 4384 The image width (pixels)
    Image Height 3288 The image height (pixels)
    GSD (cm/px) 2.036 GSD = Ground Sampling Distance (cm/pixel)
    GSD (in/px) 0.802 GSD = Ground Sampling Distance (in/pixel)
    Velocity Flight Speed (m/s)
    Velocity 32.808 Flight Speed (ft/s)
    Velocity 36.000 Flight Speed (kmh)
    Velocity 22.369 Flight Speed (mph)
    Min Shutter S 0.01018 Seconds
    Min Shutter S 98.232 1/X s
    Front Overlap Image to Image Front Ovelap (%)
    GSD Frame H 66.944 Meters
    GSD Frame W Meters
    Min fps 0.299 Frames per Second Minimum
    Photo Interval 3.344 Seconds Minimum Between Photos
    Sensor Readout 2.997 Milliseconds
    Displacement 2.724 Vertical Pixel Displacement
  • Sensor Width 6.138 The sensor width of the camera (mm)
    Sensor Height 4.603 The sensor height of the camera (mm)
    Focal Length 8.25 The focal length of the lens (mm)
    Flight Height Flight height AGL (m)
    Flight Height 393.701 Flight height AGL (ft)
    Image Width 4384 The image width (pixels)
    Image Height 3288 The image height (pixels)
    GSD (cm/px) 2.036 GSD = Ground Sampling Distance (cm/pixel)
    GSD (in/px) 0.802 GSD = Ground Sampling Distance (in/pixel)
    Velocity Flight Speed (m/s)
    Velocity 32.808 Flight Speed (ft/s)
    Velocity 36.000 Flight Speed (kmh)
    Velocity 22.369 Flight Speed (mph)
    Min Shutter S 0.01018 Seconds
    Min Shutter S 98.232 1/X s
    Front Overlap Image to Image Front Ovelap (%)
    GSD Frame H 66.944 Meters
    GSD Frame W Meters
    Min fps 0.299 Frames per Second Minimum
    Photo Interval 3.344 Seconds Minimum Between Photos
    Sensor Readout 2.997 Milliseconds
    Displacement 2.724 Vertical Pixel Displacement
  • Sensor Width 7.0656 The sensor width of the camera (mm)
    Sensor Height 5.2992 The sensor height of the camera (mm)
    Focal Length 3.50 The focal length of the lens (mm)
    Flight Height Flight height AGL (m)
    Flight Height 393.701 Flight height AGL (ft)
    Image Width 2048 The image width (pixels)
    Image Height 1536 The image height (pixels)
    GSD (cm/px) 4.313 GSD = Ground Sampling Distance (cm/pixel)
    GSD (in/px) 1.698 GSD = Ground Sampling Distance (in/pixel)
    Velocity Flight Speed (m/s)
    Velocity 32.808 Flight Speed (ft/s)
    Velocity 36.000 Flight Speed (kmh)
    Velocity 22.369 Flight Speed (mph)
    Min Shutter S 0.02156 Seconds
    Min Shutter S 46.382 1/X s
    Front Overlap Image to Image Front Ovelap (%)
    GSD Frame H 66.248 Meters
    GSD Frame W Meters
    Min fps 0.302 Frames per Second Minimum
    Photo Interval 3.311 Seconds Minimum Between Photos
    Sensor Readout 1.400 Milliseconds
    Displacement 1.094 Vertical Pixel Displacement
  • Sensor Width 7.0656 The sensor width of the camera (mm)
    Sensor Height 5.2992 The sensor height of the camera (mm)
    Focal Length 5.50 The focal length of the lens (mm)
    Flight Height Flight height AGL (m)
    Flight Height 393.701 Flight height AGL (ft)
    Image Width 2048 The image width (pixels)
    Image Height 1536 The image height (pixels)
    GSD (cm/px) 4.313 GSD = Ground Sampling Distance (cm/pixel)
    GSD (in/px) 1.698 GSD = Ground Sampling Distance (in/pixel)
    Velocity Flight Speed (m/s)
    Velocity 32.808 Flight Speed (ft/s)
    Velocity 36.000 Flight Speed (kmh)
    Velocity 22.369 Flight Speed (mph)
    Min Shutter S 0.02156 Seconds
    Min Shutter S 46.382 1/X s
    Front Overlap Image to Image Front Ovelap (%)
    GSD Frame H 66.248 Meters
    GSD Frame W Meters
    Min fps 0.302 Frames per Second Minimum
    Photo Interval 3.311 Seconds Minimum Between Photos
    Sensor Readout 1.400 Milliseconds
    Displacement 1.094 Vertical Pixel Displacement
  • Sensor Width 7.0656 The sensor width of the camera (mm)
    Sensor Height 5.2992 The sensor height of the camera (mm)
    Focal Length 9.60 The focal length of the lens (mm)
    Flight Height Flight height AGL (m)
    Flight Height 393.701 Flight height AGL (ft)
    Image Width 2048 The image width (pixels)
    Image Height 1536 The image height (pixels)
    GSD (cm/px) 4.313 GSD = Ground Sampling Distance (cm/pixel)
    GSD (in/px) 1.698 GSD = Ground Sampling Distance (in/pixel)
    Velocity Flight Speed (m/s)
    Velocity 32.808 Flight Speed (ft/s)
    Velocity 36.000 Flight Speed (kmh)
    Velocity 22.369 Flight Speed (mph)
    Min Shutter S 0.02156 Seconds
    Min Shutter S 46.382 1/X s
    Front Overlap Image to Image Front Ovelap (%)
    GSD Frame H 66.248 Meters
    GSD Frame W Meters
    Min fps 0.302 Frames per Second Minimum
    Photo Interval 3.311 Seconds Minimum Between Photos
    Sensor Readout 1.400 Milliseconds
    Displacement 1.094 Vertical Pixel Displacement
  • Sensor Width 7.0656 The sensor width of the camera (mm)
    Sensor Height 5.2992 The sensor height of the camera (mm)
    Focal Length 12.00 The focal length of the lens (mm)
    Flight Height Flight height AGL (m)
    Flight Height 393.701 Flight height AGL (ft)
    Image Width 2048 The image width (pixels)
    Image Height 1536 The image height (pixels)
    GSD (cm/px) 4.313 GSD = Ground Sampling Distance (cm/pixel)
    GSD (in/px) 1.698 GSD = Ground Sampling Distance (in/pixel)
    Velocity Flight Speed (m/s)
    Velocity 32.808 Flight Speed (ft/s)
    Velocity 36.000 Flight Speed (kmh)
    Velocity 22.369 Flight Speed (mph)
    Min Shutter S 0.02156 Seconds
    Min Shutter S 46.382 1/X s
    Front Overlap Image to Image Front Ovelap (%)
    GSD Frame H 66.248 Meters
    GSD Frame W Meters
    Min fps 0.302 Frames per Second Minimum
    Photo Interval 3.311 Seconds Minimum Between Photos
    Sensor Readout 1.400 Milliseconds
    Displacement 1.094 Vertical Pixel Displacement
  • Sensor Width 7.0656 The sensor width of the camera (mm)
    Sensor Height 5.2992 The sensor height of the camera (mm)
    Focal Length 16.00 The focal length of the lens (mm)
    Flight Height Flight height AGL (m)
    Flight Height 393.701 Flight height AGL (ft)
    Image Width 2048 The image width (pixels)
    Image Height 1536 The image height (pixels)
    GSD (cm/px) 4.313 GSD = Ground Sampling Distance (cm/pixel)
    GSD (in/px) 1.698 GSD = Ground Sampling Distance (in/pixel)
    Velocity Flight Speed (m/s)
    Velocity 32.808 Flight Speed (ft/s)
    Velocity 36.000 Flight Speed (kmh)
    Velocity 22.369 Flight Speed (mph)
    Min Shutter S 0.02156 Seconds
    Min Shutter S 46.382 1/X s
    Front Overlap Image to Image Front Ovelap (%)
    GSD Frame H 66.248 Meters
    GSD Frame W Meters
    Min fps 0.302 Frames per Second Minimum
    Photo Interval 3.311 Seconds Minimum Between Photos
    Sensor Readout 1.400 Milliseconds
    Displacement 1.094 Vertical Pixel Displacement
  • Sensor Width 7.0656 The sensor width of the camera (mm)
    Sensor Height 5.2992 The sensor height of the camera (mm)
    Focal Length 35.00 The focal length of the lens (mm)
    Flight Height Flight height AGL (m)
    Flight Height 393.701 Flight height AGL (ft)
    Image Width 2048 The image width (pixels)
    Image Height 1536 The image height (pixels)
    GSD (cm/px) 4.313 GSD = Ground Sampling Distance (cm/pixel)
    GSD (in/px) 1.698 GSD = Ground Sampling Distance (in/pixel)
    Velocity Flight Speed (m/s)
    Velocity 32.808 Flight Speed (ft/s)
    Velocity 36.000 Flight Speed (kmh)
    Velocity 22.369 Flight Speed (mph)
    Min Shutter S 0.02156 Seconds
    Min Shutter S 46.382 1/X s
    Front Overlap Image to Image Front Ovelap (%)
    GSD Frame H 66.248 Meters
    GSD Frame W Meters
    Min fps 0.302 Frames per Second Minimum
    Photo Interval 3.311 Seconds Minimum Between Photos
    Sensor Readout 1.400 Milliseconds
    Displacement 1.094 Vertical Pixel Displacement
  • Sensor Width 6.2496 The sensor width of the camera (mm)
    Sensor Height 4.6872 The sensor height of the camera (mm)
    Focal Length 3.37 The focal length of the lens (mm)
    Flight Height Flight height AGL (m)
    Flight Height 393.701 Flight height AGL (ft)
    Image Width 4032 The image width (pixels)
    Image Height 3024 The image height (pixels)
    GSD (cm/px) 4.050 GSD = Ground Sampling Distance (cm/pixel)
    GSD (in/px) 1.594 GSD = Ground Sampling Distance (in/pixel)
    Velocity Flight Speed (m/s)
    Velocity 32.808 Flight Speed (ft/s)
    Velocity 36.000 Flight Speed (kmh)
    Velocity 22.369 Flight Speed (mph)
    Min Shutter S 0.02025 Seconds
    Min Shutter S 49.383 1/X s
    Front Overlap Image to Image Front Ovelap (%)
    GSD Frame H 139.968 Meters
    GSD Frame W Meters
    Min fps 0.143 Frames per Second Minimum
    Photo Interval 6.993 Seconds Minimum Between Photos
    Sensor Readout 3.150 Milliseconds
    Displacement 5.951 Vertical Pixel Displacement
  • Sensor Width 6.2496 The sensor width of the camera (mm)
    Sensor Height 4.6872 The sensor height of the camera (mm)
    Focal Length 8.25 The focal length of the lens (mm)
    Flight Height Flight height AGL (m)
    Flight Height 393.701 Flight height AGL (ft)
    Image Width 4032 The image width (pixels)
    Image Height 3024 The image height (pixels)
    GSD (cm/px) 4.050 GSD = Ground Sampling Distance (cm/pixel)
    GSD (in/px) 1.594 GSD = Ground Sampling Distance (in/pixel)
    Velocity Flight Speed (m/s)
    Velocity 32.808 Flight Speed (ft/s)
    Velocity 36.000 Flight Speed (kmh)
    Velocity 22.369 Flight Speed (mph)
    Min Shutter S 0.02025 Seconds
    Min Shutter S 49.383 1/X s
    Front Overlap Image to Image Front Ovelap (%)
    GSD Frame H 139.968 Meters
    GSD Frame W Meters
    Min fps 0.143 Frames per Second Minimum
    Photo Interval 6.993 Seconds Minimum Between Photos
    Sensor Readout 3.150 Milliseconds
    Displacement 5.951 Vertical Pixel Displacement
  • Sensor Width 6.17472 The sensor width of the camera (mm)
    Sensor Height 4.63104 The sensor height of the camera (mm)
    Focal Length 3.97 The focal length of the lens (mm)
    Flight Height Flight height AGL (m)
    Flight Height 393.701 Flight height AGL (ft)
    Image Width 4608 The image width (pixels)
    Image Height 3456 The image height (pixels)
    GSD (cm/px) 4.050 GSD = Ground Sampling Distance (cm/pixel)
    GSD (in/px) 1.594 GSD = Ground Sampling Distance (in/pixel)
    Velocity Flight Speed (m/s)
    Velocity 32.808 Flight Speed (ft/s)
    Velocity 36.000 Flight Speed (kmh)
    Velocity 22.369 Flight Speed (mph)
    Min Shutter S 0.02025 Seconds
    Min Shutter S 49.383 1/X s
    Front Overlap Image to Image Front Ovelap (%)
    GSD Frame H 139.968 Meters
    GSD Frame W Meters
    Min fps 0.143 Frames per Second Minimum
    Photo Interval 6.993 Seconds Minimum Between Photos
    Sensor Readout 3.150 Milliseconds
    Displacement 5.951 Vertical Pixel Displacement
  • Sensor Width The sensor width of the camera (mm)
    Sensor Height The sensor height of the camera (mm)
    Focal Length The focal length of the lens (mm)
    Flight Height Flight height (m)
    Flight Height 393.70 Flight height (ft)
    Image Width The image width (pixels)
    Image Height The image height (pixels)
    GSD (cm/px) 4.050 GSD = Ground Sampling Distance (cm/pixel)
    GSD (in/px) 1.594 GSD = Ground Sampling Distance (in/pixel)
    Velocity Flight Speed (m/s)
    Velocity 32.808 Flight Speed (ft/s)
    Velocity 36.000 Flight Speed (kmh)
    Velocity 22.369 Flight Speed (mph)
    Min Shutter S 0.02025 Seconds
    Min Shutter S 49.383 1/X s
    Front Overlap Image to Image Front Ovelap (%)
    GSD Frame H 139.968 Meters
    GSD Frame W Meters
    Min fps 0.143 Frames per Second Minimum
    Photo Interval 6.993 Seconds Minimum Between Photos
    Sensor Readout 3.150 Milliseconds
    Displacement 5.951 Vertical Pixel Displacement

     

    To calculate how large an area on the ground the camera sees, look at the "GSD Frame H" and "GSD Frame W" values. These are the physical height (H) and width (W) on the ground that is captured.

    "Min Shutter S" is the minimum shutter speed you should use in order to not have blurred pixels. The lower the X value the brighter the images. Typically you want to aim for as fast a shutter speed (higher X) as possible in order to properly expose the subject matter.

    The "Photo Interval" is very important to follow, as you should not trigger the cameras faster than they can be triggered (since you'll miss shots and possibly have holes in your survey). Please check each camera's ordering page or main overview details page for each camera's specific fastest capture rates.

    While you can use less overlap we still recommend using 80% or more if possible. The value we calculate is "Front Overlap", meaning in the direction of the top of the sensor.